RPSC CA: 11th July 2020

1,200 violators of heritage building in Jaipur’s Walled City

context:

  • It has been around five months since the completion of a 3D drone survey for identifying heritage buildings that were altered without prior permission, but no action has been taken against the violators yet.
  • Around 1,200 buildings have been identified in the Walled City with altered façade, revealed a drone survey that started in October 2019 and ended in February 2020. 

Walled city of Jaipur:

  • The walled city of Jaipur, in India’s north-western state of Rajasthan was founded in 1727 by Sawai Jai Singh II. 
  • Unlike other cities in the region located in hilly terrain, Jaipur was established on the plain and built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture. 
  • The streets feature continuous colonnaded businesses that intersect in the centre, creating large public squares called chaupars. Markets, shops, residences and temples built along the main streets have uniform facades. 
  • The city’s urban planning shows an exchange of ideas from ancient Hindu and early modern Mughal as well as Western cultures. 
  • The grid plan is a model that prevails in the West, while the organization of the different city sectors (chowkis) refers to traditional Hindu concepts. Designed to be a commercial capital, the city has maintained its local commercial, artisanal and cooperative traditions to this day.

 

Congress launched online campaign against university exams

  • The Congress party on Friday launched an online campaign ‘#Speak Up For Students’, under which the party demanded a national policy on students’ promotion to the next level be formulated considering the Covid threat looming large.
  • Conducting exams at this stage is ill advised and students and colleges have to adopt a uniform policy, the party added.

Key points:

  • The campaign – #SpeakUpForStudents – was launched by Congress leader Rahul Gandhi. He posted a 53-second video on his official Twitter handle.
  • Deputy chief minister and party state president Sachin Pilot said currently students are confused. “While some states and universities are conducting annual examinations, some others have decided to cancel them and pass the students based on their previous performance. 
  • This has created confusion and uncertainty among the students. The Congress party has been demanding assessing the students’ performance based on their past performances, he said in a video posted on Twitter.
  • “It is extremely unfair to conduct exams during the Covid-19 pandemic. UGC must hear the voice of the students. Exams should be cancelled and students promoted on the basis of past performance.” 

 

Privilege motion against Rajasthan CM over ‘horse-trading’

  • The state BJP moved a privilege motion against chief minister Ashok Gehlot alleging that he had demeaned the MLAs by making statements on horse-trading during the recent Rajya Sabha polls. 
  • The BJP move on Friday has come weeks after independent MLA Sanyam Lodha filed a privilege motion against BJP state president Satish Poonia.
  • The BJP motion has been accepted by assembly officials three days before the privilege motion committee is to hold its meeting on July 13.

Privilege Motion:

  • Parliamentary privileges are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively, so that they can “effectively discharge their functions”.
  • When any of these rights and immunities is disregarded, the offence is called a breach of privilege and is punishable under law of Parliament.
  • A notice is moved in the form of a motion by any member of either House against those being held guilty of breach of privilege.
  • Each House also claims the right to punish as contempt actions which, while not breach of any specific privilege, are offences against its authority and dignity.

 

Municipal and Panchayat polls

  • The state election commission (SEC) may take a decision on polls to 129 urban local bodies and remaining panchayati raj bodies. 
  • The health department has submitted a report on the Covid-19 situation in the state to the SEC. 

State Election Commission:

  • The Constitution of India vests in the State Election Commission, consisting of a State Election Commissioner, the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for, and the conduct of all elections to the Panchayats and the Municipalities (Articles 243K, 243ZA).
  • The State Election Commissioner is appointed by the Governor.
  • As per article 243(C3) the Governor, when so requested by the State Election Commission, makes available to the State Election Commission such staff as may be necessary for the discharge of the functions conferred on the SEC by clause (1).

Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI):

  • It is a system of rural local self-government in India.
  • Local Self Government is the management of local affairs by such local bodies who have been elected by the local people.
  • PRI was constitutionalized through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 to build democracy at the grass roots level and was entrusted with the task of rural development in the country.
  • In its present form and structure PRI has completed 26 years of existence. However, a lot remains to be done in order to further decentralization and strengthen democracy at the grass root level.

Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rajasthan:

  • Rajasthan was one of the first state where the three tier Panchayati Raj System was introduced on the recommendations of Balawant Raj Mehta Committee. Panchayati Raj System was inaugurated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 2nd October,1959 at Nagaur, Rajasthan.
  • The first elections under the Rajasthan Panchayat Samitis and Zilla Parishads Act, 1959 were held in 1959.
  • Panchayati Raj gained constitutional status through the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992. As a consequence of the 73rd Amendment, the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act was passed in 1994 which came into force with effect from 23 April, 1994. Besides, Panchayati Raj rules were introduced in 1996.
  • For extending these provisions to scheduled areas, the Rajasthan Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) (PESA) Act, 1999 was enacted.