RPSC CA: 14th July 2020

PETA India’s Raksha Bandhan billboard campaign

Context:

  • As Raksha Bandhan approaches, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India has placed billboards in multiple cities across India including Jaipur featuring a cow proclaiming, “Protect Me – Go Leather-Free.” 
  • The group aims to raise awareness of the cruelty that cows, buffaloes, goats, and other animals endure before their skin is turned into shoes, bags, and other accessories. 
  • In Jaipur, the billboard is located at Bhawani SIngh Road, Rambagh Circle.

National Cattle Mission: 

  • It is centrally sponsored programme which was launched in financial year 2014-15 with four purposes:
  • To begin sub-mission for cattle development.
  • In north-eastern states, to bring sub-mission on pig development.
  • To bring sub-mission on fodder development.
  • To bring sub-mission on Skill Development and Technology Transfer.

 

GIB killed in eagle attack: Jaisalmer

Context:

  • An eagle attacked a Great Indian Bustard (GIB) on Monday at Ramdevra area in Jaisalmer and killed it. 
  • The GIB, an endangered species, was sitting on eggs in the closure when this incident took place. 
  • In this breeding season, the forest department has sighted four chicks. 

About Great Indian Bustard (GIB):

  • The Great Indian Bustard, one of the heaviest flying birds, can weigh up to 15 kg and grow up to one metre in height.
  • It is considered the flagship grassland species, representing the health of the grassland ecology.
  • For long, conservationists have been demanding to secure this population, warning that the bird might get extinct in the coming decades.
  • It would become the first mega species to disappear from India after Cheetah in recent times.
  • Till the 1980s, about 1,500-2,000 Great Indian Bustards were spread throughout the western half of India, spanning eleven states.
  • However, with rampant hunting and declining grasslands, their population dwindled.
  • In July 2011, the bird was categorised as “critically endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

 

381 complaints received by SEC on panchayat polls

Context:

  • Around 381 complaints have been received at the state election commission (SEC) from the districts after the panchayati raj elections in the state.
  • The complaints include wrong information given in the affidavit by the candidates, names not there on the electoral roll, names featuring in more than one booth, not disclosing details of having more than two children, proxy voting, error in counting of votes etc.

Compulsory provisions regarding Local Government: 

  • Organisation of Gram Sabha ;
  • Creation of a three-tier Panchayati Raj Structure at the district, block and Village levels;
  • All the Seats in a Panchayat shall be filled by persons Chosen by direct elections from territorial Constituencies in the Panchayat area;
  • The minimum age for contesting elections to Panchayats to be 21 years.
  • Reservation for Women in Panchayats up to 33%
  • Reservation of Seats for SC/ST, in Panchayats, in proportion to their population;
  • Creation of a State Election Commission to conduct elections.
  • Fixed 5 years tenure of Panchayats.
  • Each State is to Constitute a State Finance Commission every five years to review the financial position of the Panchayat.

 

Gaitore and Maharaniyon Ki Chhatris to reopen

Context: 

  • As Rajasthan tourism begins its revival after an unprecedented lockdown to combat Covid-19, ‘Gaitore’ and ‘Maharaniyon ki Chhatris’ will reopen for visitors. 
  • All health and safety guidelines and instructions must be followed by the visitors during their visit to the cenotaphs. Wearing masks, regular use of hand sanitisers, maintaining social distancing is mandatory for all. There will also be temperature checks upon arrival.

Gaitore cenotaphs:

  • Gaitore is about 15 kilometers from the city of Jaipur and is the cremation site of the Maharajas of Jaipur. Each Maharaja has a chhatri (cenotaph) built in his honor. 
  • The only Maharaja who was not cremated here and does not have a cenotaph here is Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh. He was cremated outside of the Jai Niwas Gardens behind the Chandra Mahal in the City Palace complex. His chhatri was also built there.
  • Probably the most famous of the chhatris at Gaitore is the one dedicated to Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II which is known for the white marble decorated with peacocks, delicate carvings, and beautiful shapes.
  • Each chhatri is covered with carvings depicting the tastes of the person it commemorates. The chhatris dedicated to the Maharanis of Jaipur are located in the Maharani Ki Chhatri complex near the Ramgarh road crossing.

Maharani ki Chhatri:

  • Located between Jaipur and Amber near to Ramgarh road crossing, Maharani ki Chhatri of Jaipur is basically a funeral area for the Royal ladies or Maharanis of Jaipur.
  • Maharani ki Chhatri is famous for its magnificent cenotaphs which were built in the memory of various ladies of the Royal families.
  • Maharani ki Chhatri is the royal crematorium which is artistically carved cenotaphs with beautiful royal chhatris.
  • Some of them are built with marble whereas some use local stone only. These big and grand cenotaphs also show the status and importance of women in the royal family.