RPSC CA: 18th July 2020

I-T Department to Summon Promoters of Raj-based Firms 

  • The Income Tax Department has summoned the promoters of three Rajasthan-based groups whom it had raided earlier for alleged tax evasion.
  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the policy-making body for the tax department, had said that “search and survey operations were conducted on three groups at 20 premises in Jaipur, six in Kota, eight in Delhi and nine in Mumbai”.

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT):

  • CBDT is nodal policy-making body of Income Tax (IT) department under Finance Ministry. It is a statutory authority established under The Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. 
  • It is the supreme body in India for framing policies related to direct taxes and is also tasked to enforce direct tax laws in the country. The composition of CBDT includes the Chairman and six members.

Rajasthan cabinet nod to One Stop Shop for fast tracking investments

  • For fast-tracking investment and capacity expansion proposals by facilitating time-bound approvals and clearances, the state cabinet has approved the ‘One Stop Shop’ scheme, earlier known as single window clearance system.

Key Points:

  • According to the scheme, entrepreneurs investing above Rs 10 crore will be able to get 98 types of clearances under one roof at the ‘One Stop Shop’ (OSS) under the Bureau of Investment Promotion of the industries department.
  • Officers from 14 departments like industries, RIICO, energy, labour, urban development, local self-governance, pollution control board, consumer affairs, tourism, revenue, factories and boilers, public works and PHED will be deputed to the One Stop Shop cell and will ensure that investment-related issues concerning multiple departments are received and addressed at one location to avoid unnecessary delay in clearances.
  • “Rajasthan government is committed to ensure a transparent and hassle-free ecosystem for investments coming to the state. 
  • Establishment of the OSS is in sequence with the various pro-industry measures taken by the government such as Rajasthan Industrial Development Policy (2019), Rajasthan Investment Promotion Scheme (2019) and MSME (Facilitation of Establishment and Operation) Act, 2019.

 

Rajeeva Swarup committee: Panel formed to ensure welfare of labourers

  • A committee has been formed on the directions of chief secretary Rajeeva Swarup on Thursday to review the progress of various schemes run by the government for the welfare of workers under the building and other construction workers (BOCW) board and ensure job security for them post-lockdown and in the midst of Covid pandemic.

Key Highlights:

  • It was also decided that the state government will collect the 1% labour cess from all the constructions and buildings, the payment of which are still due.
  • The committee has been formed to ensure job security, welfare and benefits of the workers under the BOCW board through various Government of India schemes and guidelines in the post-lockdown times. 
  • The committee will review the progress of the schemes and ensure that these are run more effectively. This was a preliminary meeting. Another meeting will take place soon.

 

Special training for forest staff to track tigers

  • Frontline staff of the state forest department posted in non-wildlife reserve duties will be provided special training to accustom themselves with wildlife reserve duties. 
  • The department has rolled out a 15-day special training schedule to provide them exposure to works like wildlife monitoring, conservation of natural habitat, prevention of illegal grazing and deforestation activities.

Key Points:

  • The training will be held at the tiger reserve areas to provide a better learning experience to the staff. 
  • All forest department officials are provided training at the time of their recruitment, however, many of these get posted in forest areas without wildlife. 
  • The training programme will help the department in capacity building by upgrading the skills of the existing staff. It is expected to help in preventing incidences of human-animal conflicts and increasing wildlife population by conserving their natural habitat.

Tigers in Rajasthan:

  • As per the Tigers in India 2018 Report, Rajasthan has witnessed an increase of tiger population by 115% in the last 12 years. 
  • As per the Report there are at present 69 tigers in the State, compared to 45 in 2014, 36 in 2010 and 32 in the 2006 estimation. Rajasthan stands at 9th position in India, in terms of Tiger Population.
  • Rajasthan has 3 Tiger Reserves under Project Tiger. These are:
  • Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in Sawai Madhopur 
  • Sariska Tiger Reserve (Alwar) 
  • Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve (Kota)
  • Out of the three, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve has the maximum tigers.

 

Skewed development on forest land drives leopards into Jaipur parks

  • The encroachment of forest land for urban expansion and development is showing its adverse effect now, as many leopards have started taking refuge in city parks, which were once their home.
  • Jaipur’s growth as a city, encroachments and development projects have severely reduced the habitat of leopards in the Jhalana Forest Reserve over the last decade. 
  • As the leopard population at Jhalana Forest Reserve is steadily increasing, the leopards are straying out in search of new territories. However, over time, it has been encroached by private developers and civic bodies.

Leopard Protected Areas in Rajasthan:

  • Jawai Bandh Conservation Reserve
  • Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Mount Abu 
  • Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Todgarh Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary 
  • Panther Conservation Reserve: Sumerpur 

Conservation Status:

  • Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and included in Appendix I of CITES.
  • The species status is now listed under vulnerable category from near-threatened by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).