RPSC CA: 8th July 2020

Rajasthan has more inbred tigers than any other state in India: Research

Context:

  • The National Centre for Biological Sciences team has been using hair, blood, tissue and muscle samples from the big cats to create their genetic database and pedigree in Rajasthan.
  • A tigress with her juvenile cubs (Bengal tigers, also called “Royal Tiger”, Panthera tigris tigris) walking in Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan.A tigeress with her juvenile cubs (Bengal tigers, also called
  • Rajasthan has more inbred tigers than any other state in the country, ongoing research by the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) has found.
  • Here, mostly the tigers have dispersed or shifted from the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve (RTR) to Sarika Tiger Reserve (STR) in Alwar and Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve (MHTR) in Kota. 

About Ranthambore National Park:

  • Ranthambore National Park is in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. It is located at the junction of the Aravali and Vindhya hill range.
  • The vegetation of the Ranthambore is the tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn type due to its hilly track.
  • Ranthambore National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957 and in 1974 it gained the protection of “Project Tiger”. It got the status of a National Park in 1981.
  • Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds, lilies and lotus.
  • Padam Talao: This is the largest of the many lakes located in the park. A red sandstone Jogi Mahal can be found at the edge of the lake.
  •  A gigantic banyan tree, considered to be India’s second largest, is also near the lake, Padam Talao.
  • A significant geological feature within the park is the ‘Great Boundary Fault’ where the Vindhya plateau meets the Aravali range.
  • The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the North bound the National Park.

 

RIICO to set up plug-&-play facilities for entrepreneurs

  • In a bid to facilitate entrepreneurs and startups to set up units at minimum investment and at the earliest, RIICO has started working on a couple of plug-and-play facilities.
  • Initially, the state PSU is looking to construct two facilities, one each in Sitapura industrial area and Jagatpura apparel park.

Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation (RIICO):

  • Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation, popularly known as RIICO, is a premier agency of the Government of Rajasthan that has played an important role in the industrial development of Rajasthan
  • In 1980 RSIMDC split into RIICO & RSMDC.
  • RIICO is owned by the Government of Rajasthan and it is a premium organisation of govt. of Rajasthan. 
  • RIICO is mainly engaged in site selection and acquisition of land, developing infrastructure for industrial area, financial assistance to small, medium and large-scale projects, equity participation in large projects on merit, technical consultancy for project identification and technical tie up, escort services, facilitation of government clearances, merchant banking and financial tie -ups and extending incentives and concessions as per the policy of the State Government.

 

Kusum scheme: RRECL awards 722mw solar power to farmers

  • Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Ltd (RRECL) has allotted 722 megawatt to 623 farmers under the Centre’s PM Kusum scheme aimed at generating income for farmers from their unfertile or semi-barren land.
  • Rajasthan is the first state in the country to conduct a successful bidding and allot more capacity than the target given by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme:

  • The Union Government has announced a KUSUM scheme for promoting solar farming i.e. decentralised solar power production of up to 28,250 MW to help farmers.
  • KUSUM scheme will start with building 10,000 MW solar plants on barren lands and providing 1.75 million off-grid agricultural solar pumps. 
  • It will provide extra income to farmers, by giving them an option to sell additional power to grid through solar power projects set up on their barren lands. It will help in de-dieselisation in the agriculture sector as India has about 30 million farm pumps that include 10 million pumps running on diesel. 
  • The surplus electricity generated by farmers will be bought by state electricity distribution companies (discoms). Thus it will help boost the country’s emerging green economy.
  • Government will provide a 60% subsidy on solar pumps to farmers. It will be shared between Centre and States while 30% will be provided through bank loans. The balance cost will be borne by farmers.

Components of scheme:

  • Building 10,000 MW solar plants on barren lands
  • Providing sops to DISCOMS to purchase the electricity produced,
  • Solarising existing pumps of 7250 MW as well as government tube wells with a capacity of 8250 MW
  • Distributing 17.5 lakh solar pumps.

 

Bairath Civilization of Rajasthan

  • Bairath is located in the present Jaipur district of Rajasthan. It was discovered by Dayaram Sahani in 1922. This site is covered with important hills like Beejak dungari, Bheem dungarii and Moti Dungri. Ashoka’s rock inscription was also discovered from the Beejak dungari by Captain Burt (1938).
  • Bairath which is also known as Virat Nagar in ancient times, was the capital of Matsya Pradesh. Evidence of punch marks of silver and copper are found. It also shows that humans are familiar to Iron. They used Shankh Script as proof.