UPSC CA: 27th August 2020

Draft policy on health data open for feedback

In News:

  • The draft Health Data Management Policy of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) has been released by the National Health Authority (NHA) in the public domain.

Key points:

  • One of the main objectives of the draft policy is to provide adequate guidance and to set out a framework for the secure processing of personal and sensitive personal data of individuals who are a part of the national digital health ecosystem.
  • It will be in compliance with all applicable laws and international standards that define the set of frameworks of consent for the collection and processing of health data by healthcare practitioners and other entities, and other relevant standards related to data interoperability and data sharing.
  • The draft is the maiden step in realising the NDHM’s guiding principle of ‘Security and Privacy by Design’ for the protection of individuals’ data privacy.
  • It encompasses various aspects pertaining to health data such as data privacy, consent management, data sharing and protection, etc.
  • The NDHM seeks to provide a unique health ID to each citizen who wishes to have one and also on-board the healthcare service provides (hospitals, pharmacies and diagnostic labs, among others). 
  • It will have an online database of doctors (DigiDoctor) and personal health records (PHRs).
  • To access one’s PHR, any doctor or institution would have to seek permission from the health ID owner.
  • Access can also be revoked.
  • Everyone enrolled for the mission will get a Health ID free of cost and have complete control over his or her data.

 

Export Preparedness Index (EPI) 2020

Context: 

  • NITI Aayog in partnership with the Institute of Competitiveness has released the Export Preparedness Index (EPI) 2020.

Export Preparedness Index (EPI):

  • It is the first report to examine the export preparedness and performance of Indian states.
  • EPI intends to identify challenges and opportunities; enhance the effectiveness of government policies; and encourage a facilitative regulatory framework.
  • It promotes healthy competition among states and UTs to work on parameters for promoting the country’s exports, which is one of the key indicators for boosting economic growth.
  • The structure of the EPI:
    • 4 pillars –Policy; Business Ecosystem; Export Ecosystem; Export Performance.
    • 11 sub-pillars –Export Promotion Policy; Institutional Framework; Business Environment; Infrastructure; Transport Connectivity; Access to Finance; Export Infrastructure; Trade Support; R&D Infrastructure; Export Diversification; and Growth Orientation.
  • Key findings of the report:
    • Gujarat has topped the Export Preparedness Index 2020 followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
    • The other states that have made it to the top 10 include Rajasthan, Odisha, Telangana, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Kerala.
    • The coastal states have emerged as the best performers, with six out of eight coastal states featuring in the top 10 rankings.
    • Among the Himalayan states, Uttarakhand is the highest, followed by Tripura and Himachal Pradesh.
    • Across the Union Territories, Delhi has performed the best, followed by Goa and Chandigarh.
    • The average score of Indian states in sub-pillars of Exports Diversification, Transport Connectivity, and Infrastructure (three sub-pillars) was above 50%.

Pulikkali

Context: 

  • Pulikkali, or tiger dance will go online on the fourth day of Onam, amidst the lockdown and restrictions in the wake of COVID-19

Key details:

  • Pulikkali, or tiger dance, is a colourful part of Onam celebrations in Thrissur.
  • The artists wear a tiger mask, paint their bodies like tigers.
  • It is a folk art form performed to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda.
  • It is also known as Kaduvakali.
  • The main theme of this folk art is tiger hunting with participants playing the role of tiger and hunter.
  • It was introduced by Shakthan Tampuran, the ruler of yore, over two centuries ago as a street art form.
  • Onam:
    • It is a harvest festival of the state of Kerala.
    • According to legends, the festival Onam is celebrated to commemorate King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam.
    • Onam celebrations include Vallam Kali (boat races), Pulikali (tiger dances), Pookkalam (flower Rangoli), Onathappan (worship), Onam Kali, Tug of War, Thumbi Thullal (women’s dance), Kummattikali (mask dance), Onathallu (martial arts), Onavillu (music), Kazhchakkula (plantain offerings), Onapottan (costumes), Atthachamayam (folk songs and dance), and other celebrations.

 

Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar

Context: 

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development has invited nominations for the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar-2021 from children, individuals and institutions.

Key points:

  • The award is instituted to felicitate meritorious children, individuals and institutions of the country.

Categories:

  • Bal Shakti Puraskar: To give recognition to children who have achieved extraordinarily in various fields including innovation, scholastic, sports, art & culture, social service and bravery,
  • Bal Kalyan Puraskar: Recognition to Individuals and Institutions, who have made an outstanding contribution towards service for children in the field of child development, child protection and child welfare.
  • The Awards are given by the President of India in Darbar Hall, Rashtrapati Bhavan in the week preceding Republic Day every year.
  • The Awardees of Bal Shakti Puraskar also take part in the Republic Day Parade on the 26th of January on Rajpath, New Delhi.

 

U.S. blacklists 24 Chinese firms amid South China Sea dispute

In News:

  • The United States has blacklisted 24 Chinese companies.

Key points:

  • The U.S. Commerce Department said the 24 companies played a role in helping the Chinese military construct and militarise the internationally condemned artificial islands in the South China Sea.
  • The Commerce Department said it was adding the firms to its entity list.
  • A separate statement said it would impose visa restrictions on Chinese individuals responsible for, or complicit in, such action and those linked to China’s use of coercion against Southeast Asian claimants to inhibit their access to offshore resources.

 

Warli Painting

Context:

  • National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) a PSU under the Department of Fertilizers, with a view to promote Indian folk art, has displayed Maharashtra’s famous Warli painting on the outer walls of its Corporate Office in Noida.

Key details:

  • The Warlis or Varlis are an indigenous tribe or Adivasis, living in Mountainous as well as coastal areas of Maharashtra-Gujarat border and surrounding areas.
  • They speak an unwritten Varli language which belongs to the southern zone of the Indo-Aryan languages.
  • Warli Paintings:
    • Maharashtra is known for its Warli folk paintings.
    • Its roots may be traced to as early as the 10th century A.D.
    • They bear a resemblance to those created in the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka.
    • Scenes portraying hunting, fishing and farming, festivals and dances, trees and animals are used to surround the central theme of the painting.
    • Women are mainly engaged in the creation of these paintings.
    • A very basic graphic vocabulary like a circle, a triangle and a square are used in these rudimentary wall paintings which are monosyllabic in nature.