UPSC CA: 3rd September 2020

Cabinet approved “Mission Karmayogi”

Context: 

  • A National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB) has been approved by the Union Cabinet.

Key points:

  • Its Objective is 
    • to set up a Capacity Building Commission to ensure a uniform approach in managing and regulating the capacity building ecosystem on collaborative and co-sharing basis.
    • to lay the foundations for capacity building for Civil Servants.
    • to keep them connected with their roots and learn from the best institutions and practices across the world.
  • Salient Features:
    • The Programme will be delivered by setting up an Integrated Government Online Training-iGOT Karmayogi Platform.
    • A sum of Rs. 510.86 crore will be spent over a period of 5 years from 2020-21 to 2024-25.
    • NPCSCB will be governed by the Prime Minister’s Human Resource Council, which will also include state Chief Ministers, Union Cabinet ministers and experts.
    • This council will approve and review civil service capacity building programmes.
  • Functions of Capacity Building Commission:
    • To assist PM Public Human Resources Council in approving the Annual Capacity Building Plans.
    • To exercise functional supervision over all Central Training Institutions dealing with civil services capacity building.
    • To create shared learning resources, including internal and external faculty and resource centers.
    • To make recommendations on standardization of training and capacity building, pedagogy and methodology
    • To set norms for common mid-career training programs across all civil services.
    • To suggest policy interventions required in the areas of HR Management and Capacity Building to the Government.

iGOT-Karmayogi platform:

  • Mission Karmayogi programme will be delivered by setting up a digital platform called iGOTKarmayogi.
  • The platform will act as a launchpad for the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB), which will enable a comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at the individual, institutional and process levels.
  • iGOT-Karmayogi platform brings the scale and state-of-the-art infrastructure to augment the capacities of over two crore officials in India.

Global Innovation Index 2020

Context: 

  • India has climbed 4 spots and has been ranked 48th by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in the Global Innovation Index 2020 rankings.

Key Highlights:

  • India ranked 48th with a jump of 4 spots.
  • It is a remarkable achievement to be in a league of highly innovative developed nations all over the globe.
  • India became the third most innovative lower middle-income economy in the world.
  • The scientific ministries like the Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Biotechnology and the Department of space have played a pivotal role in enriching the national innovation Ecosystem.
  • World ranking
    • A total of 131 countries were analysed under the GII before arriving at the rankings for 2020.
    • Switzerland bagged the first spot in the GII ranking followed by Sweden, USA, UK and Netherlands.
    • The top 10 positions are dominated by high-income countries.
    • China, India, the Philippines and Vietnam have made the most progress on the index in recent years, with all four now among the top 50, it said.
    • China, which is the only middle-income economy among the top 30, now holds the 14th place.

Global Innovation Index:

  • The Global Innovation Index (GII) is an annual ranking of countries by their capacity for, and success in, innovation.
  • The index, compiled by World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) along with Cornell University and the INSEAD business school.
  • It is based on both subjective and objective data derived from several sources, including the International Telecommunication Union, the World Bank and the World Economic Forum.
  • They present the latest global innovation trends and annual innovation ranking of 131 economies.

J&K Official Languages Bill

Context: 

  • The Union Cabinet has approved J&K Official Languages Bill 2020.

Key points:

  • The bill approves Kashmiri, Dogri and Hindi as the official language of Jammu and Kashmir apart from the existing Urdu and English.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Bill, 2020 will be introduced in Parliament in the upcoming Monsoon Session.

Constitutional Provisions:

  • Article 343 of the Indian constitution stated that the official language of the Union is Hindi in Devanagari script instead of the extant English.
  • Later, a constitutional amendment, The Official Languages Act, 1963, allowed for the continuation of English alongside Hindi in the Indian government indefinitely until legislation decided to change it.
  • Subject to the provisions of articles 346 and 347, the Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State.
  • Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution.

Question Hour dropped in LS schedule of monsoon session

Context:

  • The schedule for the monsoon Parliament session has been released by the Lok Sabha Secretariat.

More about news:

  • In view of the pandemic and a truncated Monsoon Session, Parliament has dropped Question Hour and curtailed Zero Hour.
  • Stating that the Parliament is being held in the midst of an extraordinary situation, the Question Hour has been dropped from the schedule.
  • The move has been strongly criticised by the opposition.

Question Hour:

  • The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is termed as Question hour.
  • It is mentioned in the Rules of Procedure of the House.
  • It is during Question hour that the members ask questions and the ministers usually give answers.

Zero Hour:

  • Zero Hour is the time when Members of Parliament (MPs) can raise Issues of Urgent Public Importance.
  • The Zero Hour starts at 12 noon immediately following the Question Hour.
  • For raising matters during the Zero Hour, MPs must give the notice before 10 am to the Speaker/Chairman on the day of the sitting. The notice must state the subject they wish to raise in the House.
  • However, Speaker, Lok Sabha/Chairman, Rajya Sabha may allow or decline a Member to raise a matter of importance. ‘Zero Hour’ is not mentioned in the Rules of Procedure. It is an Indian parliamentary innovation.
  • Thus, it is an informal device available to MPs to raise matters without any notice 10 days in advance.

Mass Spectrometry Covid-19 Test

Context: 

  • Researchers from the New Delhi-based Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) have developed a new method of coronavirus disease (Covid-19), that uses mass spectrometry.

Key points:

  • Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that measures the mass-to-charge ratio of ions.
  • Mass spectrometry can detect the presence and quantity of various organic and inorganic compounds by detecting the ions released by them.
  • The technique uses mass spectrometry to detect two peptides (building blocks of the viral protein).
  • This is the only method that directly observes the RNA as compared to RT-PCR where the proteins have to bind with a primer before we can detect it.
  • This eliminates the possibility of a false negative if the quality of the RNA collected is not good and it does not bind or there is lysis (detergent) that prevents the RNA from binding.
  • This testing is faster, cheaper, and almost as accurate as the Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) test.

RPF personnel honoured with Jeewan Raksha Medals

Context: 

  • President of India has awarded Railway Protection Force (RPF) personnel with Jeevan Raksha Padak awards.

Jeevan Raksha Medals:

  • Jeevan Raksha Padak is a civilian lifesaving award presented by the Government of India.
  • It was established on 30 September 1961.
  • The series of awards are given to a person for meritorious act of human nature in saving the life of a person.
  • The award is given in three categories : Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak, Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak and Jeevan Raksha Padak.
  • Persons of all walks of life are eligible for these awards.
  • The award can also be conferred posthumously.
  • The award (medal, certificate signed by Union Home Minister) is presented to the awardee by the respective Union Ministries/Organizations/State Government.